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Apnea is the act of breath holding underwater, which is recreationally pursued as Free Diving. Competitive Apnea is different, it is an extreme water sport, which is competed in the three disciplines of, Length of time, depth achieved and distance.

Safety is an integral part of free-diving, all participants are required to be adept in rescue and resuscitation, and NEVER dive without a `buddy` to accompany them. Without proper training and supervision, competitive apnea is extremely dangerous.

There are several different disciplines competed within competitive apnea.

Static Apnea is timed breath holding and is usually attempted in a pool.

Dynamic Apnea, underwater swimming in a pool for distance. There are separate competitions for swimmers with and without fins. When swimming with fins, the athlete can choose whether to use bi-fins or the monofin.


Of a more exteme nature are the Depth disciplines;

Constant Weight. The athlete has to dive following a guide line that must not be actively used during the dive.

Free Immersion.. The athlete uses the guideline to pull themself down to depth and back to the surface.

Variable Weight is a record discipline that uses a weighted sled for descent, which may be discarded. Athletes return to the surface by pulling themselves up along the line or swimming while using their fins.

No Limits. A record seeking discipline in which the athlete may use any means of breath-hold, while diving to depth and returning to the surface. Most divers use a weighted sled to dive down and use an air-filled bag to assist their acent.

Closely Related Activities
Free Diving 782, Fin Swimming 797.

Level of Demand
The table below shows the maximum levels of demand that this activity requires. NOTE: These are not entry levels or levels of requirement and has nothing to do with ability.

  The level of energy that could be required Energy  
  The level of demand that could be required by your arms Arms  
  The level of demand that could be required by your legs Legs  
  The level of demand that could be required by your sight. Sight  
  The level of demand that could be required by your hearing. Hearing  
  The level of demand that could be required by your speech. Speech  
  The level of demand of Cerebral Learning that could occur as a direct consequence of absorbing factual information. Learning  

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